Canadian Geese Management

TIPS FOR GEESE MANAGEMENT

POST SIGNS to discourage feeding of Canadian Geese. Include reasons why the geese should not be fed. For example, bread does not provide the necessary nutrients for the proliferation of primary flight feathers. Geese remain flightless and lose the ability to migrate. These flightless birds become resident geese.

LIMIT ATTRACTIONS

Canadian Geese are attracted ponds and lakes for their natural protection from predators.  Gently sloped shorelines provide good visability and easy access for their young. Large numbers of resident geese and waterfowl attract migrating geese.

DECREASE OF ELIMINATE FERTILIZED LAWN AREAS

Large grassy areas, manicured lawns, golf courses, industrial parks and cemeteries lush feeding grounds are attractions for Canadian geese.
Geese prefer fertilized grass, so reduce fertilizer schedule. If possible, decrease the size of grassy areas.

INTEGRATED APPROACH

Use various control methods simultaneously. There isn’t one answer to move the geese along, however employing several methods at the same time has proven to be effective.

MAKE LIFE UNCOMFORTABLE

Canadian geese find havens where they are able to peacefully nest and graze. If for example a trained dog continuously disrupts their daily routine,  they will typically move on to a quieter place.  Trained dogs are an effective method for conveying the message that the area is not safe.  Border collies are the perfect goose dog for naturally herding the flock.

BLOCK ACCESS

There are many ways to deter geese from taking up residence in certain areas. A grid system installed over ponds will keep geese from landing. This system works best on small bodies of water.

Geese enjoy the ability to access water and other areas on foot. Fencing will block access. Since geese are not able to fly during summer molt, fencing is very effective. The combination of fencing and landscaping makes the area less desirable for geese while visually attractive for visitors.

HABITAT MODIFICATIONS

Identify features on your property which attract the geese. Then focus on changing or eliminating these areas.
— Increase grade at shoreline to make access more difficult
— Allow water to freeze in winter
— Plant tall grasses, shrubs or place large rocks along the shoreline. This is less than ideal for geese, as it creates a safety issue from predators.

EGG AND NEST REMOVAL

Egg and nest removal is helpful in slowing the growth of goose populations. If eggs or a nest are destroyed early enough during the incubation period, the geese will often lay a second clutch. It is paramount to use proper timing for addling or oiling the eggs to prevent them from hatching, while the geese unknowingly continue to incubate the clutch.

A federal permit is required to remove or destroy eggs and nests. It is a complex process that if done correctly will effectively control nesting geese.